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“研究生教育发展新图景”系列报道——对话西安交大校长王树国: 46万导师 如何做好研究生成长成才的引路人

作者:   发布时间: 2020年09月02日 15:36  来源:明升体育_明升体育平台

BIANZHEAN:

研究生教育是国民教育的最高层次,承担着高端人才供给和科学技术创新的双重使命,是经济社会发展的主要驱动力,是实施创新驱动发展战略和明升体育创新型国家的重要基石。习近平总书记近日就研究生教育工作作出重要指示,要求各级党委和政府要高度重视研究生教育,推动研究生教育适应党和国家事业发展需要,坚持“四为”方针,瞄准科技前沿和关键领域,深入推进学科专业调整,提升导师队伍水平,完善人才培养体系,加快培养国家急需的高层次人才,为坚持和发展中国特色社会主义、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦作出贡献。

如何适应国家需要推进学科专业明升体育?如何进一步深化研究生培养模式改革?如何切实提高研究生导师队伍素质水平?人民网教育频道约请多位大学书记校长,共同把脉新时代研究生教育改革,开启新时代研究生教育发展新图景。

QINQISHI,XINQIDAO。YANJIUSHENGDAOSHISHIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGDEGUANJIANLILIANG,JIANFUZHEPEIYANGGUOJIAGAOCENGCICHUANGXINRENCAIDESHIMINGYUZHONGREN。MUQIAN,QUANGUOYOUYANJIUSHENGDAOSHI46WANREN,QIZHONGBOSHISHENGDAOSHI11.5WANREN。DAOSHIJISHIYANJIUSHENGXUESHUDAOLUDEZHIDAOZHE,YESHIJIAZHIGUANSUZAODEYINLUREN。RUHEDAZAOYIZHIGAOSHUIPING、GAOSUZHIDEYANJIUSHENGDAOSHIDUIWU?SHOUQI“YANJIUSHENGJIAOYUFAZHANXINTUJING”XILIEBAODAO,MINGSHENGTIYUDUIHUAXIANJIAOTONGDAXUEXIAOZHANGWANGSHUGUO。

人民网: 导师应如何将专业教育与思政教育有机融合,既做学业导师又做人生导师?

WANGSHUGUO: DAOSHISHIYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGDEDIYIZERENREN,FUYOUDUIYANJIUSHENGJINXINGXUEKEQIANYANYINDAO、KEYANFANGFAZHIDAOHEXUESHUGUIFANJIAODAODEZEREN。DAOSHIJIYAOWEIXUESHI,YEYAOWEIRENSHI,ZAIPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONG,XUDUIYANJIUSHENGDEXUEXI、KEYAN、PINDEJISHENGHUOGEFANGMIANJINXINGZHIDAOBINGQUANMIANFUZE,ZAIYANJIUSHENGDESIXIANGJIAOYU、KEXUEDAODEDENGFANGMIANFUYOUYINDAO、SHIFANHEJIANDUZEREN。YAOJIANCHIJIAOSHUHEYUREN、YANCHUANHESHENJIAO、QIANXINWENDAOHEGUANZHUSHEHUI、XUESHUZIYOUHEXUESHUGUIFANXIANGTONGYI,ZUOSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEJIANDINGXINYANGZHE、JIJICHUANBOZHE、MOFANSHIJIANZHE。MINGSHENGTIYUXUEXIAOYAOQIUDAOSHICHULEZAISHOUKESHIYAOLUOSHIHAO“KECHENGSIZHENG”,ZAIPINGSHIDESHISHENGXIANGCHUGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOJIANXING“DAOXUESIZHENG”,YONGZIJIDESHIJIXINGDONGPEIYANGXUESHENGDEJIAGUOQINGHUAI。

人民网: 高校在导师遴选和考核中,如何将师德摆在突出重要位置?

WANGSHUGUO: GURENYUN“JIAOBUYAN,SHIZHIDUO”,DAOSHIDEZISHENSUZHI、YANCHUANSHENJIAODUIYANJIUSHENGDEZUOREN、ZUOXUEWENJUYOUSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。YINCI,DAOSHIXUYAOLINXUANYUKAOHE,QIEXUYAOGENGJIAYANGEHEGAOBIAOZHUN。MINGSHENGTIYUXIAOZAOYISHIXINGDAOSHIZIGE“NIANSHEN”ZHI,MEINIANGENJUDAOSHIDEPEIYANGTIAOJIAN、PEIYANGZHILIANGHESHIDESHIFENGQINGKUANG,DUIDAOSHIDEZHAOSHENGZIGEJINXINGQUEREN,ZHENZHENGSHIXIANLEDONGTAIDIAOZHENG,NENGSHANGNENGXIA。ZAI“NIANSHEN”ZHONG,SHIZHONGJIANCHIBAJIANDINGZHENGZHIFANGXIANG、TIGAOZHENGZHIJUEWU,BAPEIYANGSHEHUIZHUYIMINGSHENGTIYUZHEHEJIEBANRENZUOWEIYURENDESHOUYAOMUBIAO;JIANCHIYISHURENWEIHEXIN,YILIDEWEIGENBEN,JIANGLIDESHURENDEYAOQIUGUANCHEDAOYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGQUANGUOCHENG、QUANLINGYU、QUANFANGMIAN、QUANHUANJIE;JIANGDAOSHICONGZHAOSHENG、PEIYANGDAOBIYEQUANGUOCHENGXIHUAWEI58GEDONGZUO,XINGCHENG“BAYAO”“SHIBUZHUN”DEDAOSHISHIDESHIFENGXINGWEIZHUNZE,MEINIANZHUTIAODUIZHAOJIANCHA,YOUSHIDESHIFANQINGXINGSHIYILVZANTINGZHAOSHENGZIGE。

人民网: 导师应该如何不断适应新时代新要求,提高自身素质能力?

WANGSHUGUO: DAOSHISHIXUESHENGDEYINLUREN,SHIYAODAILINGXUESHENGTANSUOXUESHUQIANYANDE,YINCIDAOSHIBENRENBIXUYAOMIANXIANGSHIJIEKEJIQIANYAN、MIANXIANGJINGJIZHUZHANCHANG、MIANXIANGGUOJIAZHONGDAXUQIU,ZHUDONGSHIYINGDISICIGONGYEGEMINGDAILAIDEJIYUYUTIAOZHAN,ZHUAZHUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUSUODAILAIDEQIJI,CHIXUZHANGWOZHUANYEDONGTAI,CHUANGXINLILUNZHISHI,ZOUZAIXUESHUQIANYAN,BAOCHIXUESHUHUOLI。YAOQUANSHENXINTOURUYANJIUSHENGPEIYANG,ZUNXUNYANJIUSHENGCHENGZHANGGUILV,CHIXUCHUANGXINYANJIUSHENGZHIDAOFANGSHI,RANGYANJIUSHENGCHONGFENCANYUKEYANHUODONG,WEIYANJIUSHENGTIGONGCHONGZUDESHIJIANJIHUI,ZHICHIYANJIUSHENGCANJIAXUEKE/KEJIJINGSAI,GULIYANJIUSHENGCANYUGUOJIMINGSHENGTIYU,PEIYANGYANJIUSHENGCHUANGXINSHIJIANNENGLI,TUOZHANYANJIUSHENGGUOJISHIYE。YAOZAIJIAOXUEHEKEYANSHIJIANZHONGPEIYANGYANJIUSHENGLIANGHAODEXUEFENG、FENGXIANJINGSHENHEYANKEDEXUESHUGUIFAN,BUDUANTIGAOZISHENSUYANG,SHIYINGXINSHIDAIXINYAOQIU。

人民网: 在对导师的评价过程中,怎么将研究生培养质量作为最关键的因素,落到实处?

WANGSHUGUO: DAOSHIDEZHUYAOZHIZEJIUSHIPEIYANGRENCAI,SUOYIRENCAIDEPEIYANGZHILIANGLIYINGCHENGWEIDAOSHIPINGJIADEZUIGUANJIANYINSU。PEIYANGZHILIANGBAOKUOXUESHENGDEJIBENZHISHIZHANGWOQINGKUANG、DUIQIANYANDONGTAIDONGCHALI、CANYUHUOZUZHIKEYANHUODONGDENENGLI、CHENGGUOBIAODANENGLI、CHENGGUOYINGYONGQINGKUANGYIJIWEILAIFAZHANZHILIANG。

人民网: 探索打破导师身份“终身制”,对于深化导师管理的机制体制改革有哪些意义?

WANGSHUGUO: DAOSHIBENSHENJIUSHIYIZHONGFENGONG,BUSHIRONGYU,YEBUSHIMAOZI。MINGXIAYOUXUESHENGJIUSHIDAOSHI,MINGXIAMEIYOUXUESHENGJIUBUSHIDAOSHI。DAOSHIYOUMEIYOUXUESHENGQUJUEYUNENGFOUZHAOSHENG,MINGSHENGTIYUXIAOMEINIANDUIJIAOSHIDEZHAOSHENGZIGEJINXINGQUANPANZHONGXINRENDING,SUOYIZAIMINGSHENGTIYUXIAO,DAOSHIZAOYIBUSHIZHONGSHENZHILE。MINGSHENGTIYUXIAOZAIDUIDAOSHIZHAOSHENGZIGERENDINGSHI,ANZHAO“XUESHUXING、ZHUANYEXING”HE“SHUOSHI、BOSHI”DEFENLEIFENCENGDEYUANZE,QUEDINGGEZIJIBENTIAOJIAN,YOUJICENGPEIYANGDANWEIBUCHONGTIAOJIAN、LINXUANJINGXUEXIAOSHENHEHOUSHENGXIAO。DAPOLEGUDINGZIGEZHIHEZHONGSHENZHI,SHIXIANDAOSHI“NENGSHANGNENGXIA,ZEYOUSHANGGANG”DELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。ZAILINXUANHEKAOHEZHONGKEFULE“WUWEI”WANZHANGGUJI,ZHENZHENGLINXUANCHUXUESHUSHUIPINGJING、KEYANBENLINGGAO、JIAOXUENENGLIQIANGDEYANJIUSHENGDAOSHI。TONGGUOMEINIANDELINXUAN,JINYIBUMINGQUELEDAOSHIQUANZE,QIESHIBAOZHANGHEGUIFANLEDAOSHIDEZHAOSHENGQUAN、ZHIDAOQUAN、PINGJIAQUANHEGUANLIQUAN,JIANDINGZHICHIDAOSHIANZHAOGUIZHANGZHIDUYANGEYANJIUSHENGXUEYEGUANLI,ZENGQIANGDAOSHIDEZERENGAN、SHIMINGGAN、RONGYUGAN,YINGZAOZUNSHIZHONGJIAOLIANGHAOFENWEI。ZAIZHAOSHENGZIGELINXUANSHI,GULIYI“TUANDUIZHIDAO”DEFANGSHISHENQINGZHAOSHENGZIGE,DALITUIDONGDAOSHITUANDUIMINGSHENGTIYU,FAHUITUANDUIYURENGONGNENG,CHUANGXINTUANDUIPEIYANGMOSHI,TUIJINTUANDUITIXIMINGSHENGTIYU。GULI“KUAYUAN”“KUAXUEKE”ZUTUANZHAOSHENG,CUJINXUEKEJIAOCHA,PEIYANGCHUANGXINXINGRENCAI。

人民网: 部分导师投入大量精力搞科研发论文,重科研而轻教学,该如何走出这个误区?

WANGSHUGUO: YANJIUSHENGPEIYANGLIBUKAIKEYANHUODONG,DANYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGHUANJIEYINGGAISHIFENGFUDE,ZHEIYANGCAINENGPEIYANGCHUDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDEJIEBANRENHEMINGSHENGTIYUZHE。MINGSHENGTIYUXIAOZHENDUIMEIYIGEYANJIUSHENGDOUXUYUXIANZHIDINGYIGEPEIYANGJIHUA,BAOKUOKECHENGXUEXI、SHIYANSHIJIAN、KEYANHUODONG、LUNWENZHUANXIE、SANZHUYIFU、DIERKETANGDENGZONGHEXINGNEIRONG,XUESHENGBIXUQUANBUWANCHENGPEIYANGJIHUAFANGKESHENQINGXUEWEI。DAOSHIFUYOUYUXUESHENGYITONGZHIXINGPEIYANGJIHUADEZEREN。ZAIPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONG,DEQUECUNZAISHAOSHUDAOSHIZHONGKEYANQINGJIAOXUEDEXIANXIANG,MINGSHENGTIYUXIAOZHUYAOSHITONGGUOYIXIATUJING,CUJINDAOSHIZOUCHUZHEIGEWUQU:

明升体育YISHIDUIDAOSHIJINXING“NIANSHEN”,MINGQUEDAOSHIDEJIAOSHUYURENZHIZE;ERSHIDUIDAOSHIJINXINGLUNXUN,JIANGQINGKEYANYUYURENDEGUANXI;SANSHIDUIZUODEHAODEYOUXIUDAOSHIJINXINGXUANCHUAN,FAHUIYANGBANZUOYONG;SISHIDUIPEIYANGGUOCHENGJINXINGDUDAO。

人民网: 目前,有个别导师导师责任心不强,甚至把学生当作廉价科研劳动力,应该如何杜绝这种现象?

明升体育WANGSHUGUO: YANJIUSHENGXUYAOTONGGUOCANYUKEYANHUODONGJINXINGPEIYANG,DANJUEBUNENGJIANDANDIBAYANJIUSHENGDANGZUOLIANJIALAODONGLI,ZHEIYANGZUO,JIBULIYURENCAIPEIYANG,YEBULIYUKEYANXIANGMUDEWANCHENG,GENGBULIYUDAKEYANCHENGGUODECHANSHENG。

SHOUXIANXUEXIAOCENGMIANSIXIANGYAOQINGXI、SILUYAOTONGYI,YAOLUOSHIDAOJUTIDEZHIDUMINGSHENGTIYUZHONG,RUBUYAOBAYANJIUSHENGZHIBIAOJIANDANDIYUKEYANJINGFEIDUOSHAOGUAGOU,BUYAOJIANDANDIYONGYANJIUSHENGGUIMOLAIHENGLIANGKEYANNENGLIDAXIAO。YAOJIADAZHUANZHIKEYANDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYU,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEKEYANLAOLIJINQUEDEWENTI。YAOCHUANGXINTIZHIJIZHI,CHONGFENDIAODONGLAOSHIHEZHUANZHIKEYANRENYUANDEKEYANJIJIXING。

明升体育QICIDAOSHIYAOMINGBAI,YANJIUSHENGSHIYONGLAIPEIYANGDE,SHANGBUJUBEIWANCHENGDAKEYANRENWUDENENGLI,RUGUOYIWEIDIYILAIYANJIUSHENGWANCHENGKEYANXIANGMU,HUIDAOZHIKEYANHUODONGDEDISHUIPINGZHONGFU,WUFACHENGDANDADEKEYANXIANGMU,WUFAXINGCHENGDADEKEYANCHENGGUO。

ZUIHOU,XUEXIAOXIANGGUANBUMENYINGJIAQIANGDUDAO,MINGXIDAOSHIXINGWEIDIXIANYUHONGXIAN,MINGQUEPEIYANGYUKEYANDEGUANXI,DUJUEYONGKEYANHUODONGJIANDANDIDAITIPEIYANGHUODONG,DUJUEBASHISHENGGUANXINIUQUWEIGUYONGGUANXI,DUJUE“ZHIYONGBUDAO”“ZHIGUABUDAO”“ZHIZHAOBUDAO”DENGXIANXIANG。TUIXINGCHENGBENFENDANZHI,JINGZHUNFENPEIYANJIUSHENGZHIBIAO,TIGAOPEIYANGXIAOLV。

(责编: 孙竞、熊旭)

 

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