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从“有学上”到“上好学”——党的十八大以来全国教育系统推进义务教育均衡发展纪实

作者:   发布时间: 2019年11月16日 15:59  来源:明升体育_明升体育平台

暖心寄语

JIAOYUGONGPINGSHISHEHUIGONGPINGDEZHONGYAOJICHU,YAOBUDUANCUJINJIAOYUFAZHANCHENGGUOGENGDUOGENGGONGPINGHUIJIQUANTIRENMIN,YIJIAOYUGONGPINGCUJINSHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYI。YAOYOUHUAJIAOYUZIYUANPEIZHI,ZHUBUSUOXIAOQUYU、CHENGXIANG、XIAOJICHAJU,TEBIESHIYAOJIADADUIGEMINGLAOQU、MINZUDIQU、BIANYUANDIQU、PINKUNDIQUJICHUJIAOYUDETOURULIDU,BAOZHANGPINKUNDIQUBANXUEJINGFEI,JIANQUANJIATINGKUNNANXUESHENGZIZHUTIXI。YAOTUIJINJIAOYUJINGZHUNTUOPIN,ZHONGDIANBANGZHUPINKUNRENKOUZINVJIESHOUJIAOYU,ZUDUANPINKUNDAIJICHUANDI,RANGMEIYIGEHAIZIDOUDUIZIJIYOUXINXIN、DUIWEILAIYOUXIWANG。

DANGCHENGXIANGMIANFEIYIWUJIAOYUQUANMIANPUJI,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUELESHILINGERTONGSHAONIAN“YOUXUESHANG”WENTIHOU,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOQUYUZHIJIAN、CHENGXIANGZHIJIAN、XUEXIAOZHIJIANBANXUESHUIPINGHEJIAOYUZHILIANGDECHAJUZHUJIANCHUXIAN,RENMINQUNZHONGBUDUANZENGZHANGDEGAOZHILIANGJIAOYUXUYAOYUGONGJIBUZUDEMAODUNBUDUANTUXIAN,TUIJINYIWUJIAOYUJUNHENGFAZHANCHENGWEIBIRANXUANZE。

明升体育DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOZHELITISHENGNONGCUNXUEXIAOHEBORUOXUEXIAOBANXUESHUIPING,QUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANG,NULISHIXIANSUOYOUSHILINGERTONGSHAONIAN“SHANGHAOXUE”,ZAITUIJINYIWUJIAOYUJUNHENGFAZHANDEDAOLUSHANGMAICHULEJIANSHIDEBUFA。

政策兜底,破除“乡村弱”

XIANGCUNJIAOSHIJIANSHOUXIANGCUN,TUOJUQIYIGEGENONGCUNHAIZIDEMENGXIANG。JIEJUEXIANGCUNJIAOYUDUANBAN,GUANJIANZAIJIAOSHI。2015NIAN,GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGYINFA《XIANGCUNJIAOSHIZHICHIJIHUA(2015—2020NIAN)》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHICHIJIHUA》),CONGXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDESIXIANGZHENGZHISUZHIHEDAODESHUIPING、BUCHONGQUDAO、SHENGHUODAIYU、BIANZHIBIAOZHUN、ZHICHENGPINGPIN、MINGSHENGTIYULUNGANG、NENGLISUZHI、RONGYUZHIDUBAGEFANGMIANDACHULEYITAO“ZUHEQUAN”,TIGAOXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDAIYU,JIEJUEXIANGCUNJIAOYUBORUOWENTI。

ZHEIXIENIAN,XIANGCUNJIAOSHIDEHUODEGANSHIXIANGCUNJIAOYUFAZHANZUIHAODEZHUJIAO。

HENANSHENGXINYANGSHIHUANGCHUANXIANNANYIDABIESHAN,CHUZAIEYUWANSANSHENGJIAOJIECHU。20SHIJI90NIANDAI,ZHANGCHAOCONGHUANGCHUANSHIFANXUEXIAOZHONGSHIBIYEHOU,CHENGWEIYIMINGXIANGCUNJIAOSHI。“JIN5NIAN,DANGHEZHENGFUDUIXIANGCUNJIAOYUZHICHITEBIEDA。”ZAIXIANGCUNCONGJIAO24NIANDEZHANGCHAOJIJIZHEXISHUBIANHUA: XIANGCUNJIAOSHIDESHENGHUODAIYUTIGAO,CHULEJIBENGONGZIHAIYOUSHENGHUOBUTIE、NONGCUNBUTIE,“MEIGEYUELILIWAIWAISHOURUZENGZHANGLEJINQIANYUAN”,YANXIA,QUANZHENXIAOXUEZHENGZAIXINJIAN36TAOJIAOSHIZHOUZHUANFANG。

明升体育ZUIRANGZHANGCHAOGAOXINGDESHI,XUEXICHONGDIANDEJIHUIBIANDUOLE。SHUJIALI,TAGANGGANGDAOXINYANGSHICANJIALEBUBIANBENJIAOCAIDEJIAOXUENENGLIPEIXUNKECHENG。TAGAOSUJIZHE,“XIANZAI,GUOPEI、SHENGPEIJIHUADENGGELEIZHENDUIXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDEPEIXUNKECHENGSHIFENFENGFU,MANZULEMINGSHENGTIYUTISHENGJIAOXUENENGLIDESHIJIXUQIU”。

“XIANGCUNJIAOSHIFAZHANJIHUIBUDUANZENGJIA,ZHIYEXIYINLIDEDAOTISHENG,JIAOYUJIAOXUESHUIPINGCHIXUTIGAO,XIANGCUNJIAOSHISHENGHUODAIYUSHUIPINGDEDAOYOUXIAOTIGAO。”ZHEISHIDONGBEISHIFANDAXUEZHONGGUONONGCUNJIAOYUFAZHANYANJIUYUAN《〈XIANGCUNJIAOSHIZHICHIJIHUA(2015—2020NIAN)〉SHISHIPINGGUBAOGAO》DECHUDEJIELUN。

明升体育XIANGCUNJIAOSHIMENBUDUANTISHENGDEHUODEGAN,ZHISHIPOCHUJICHUJIAOYU“XIANGCUNRUO”NANTIDEYIGESUOYING。XIANGNONGCUN、XIANGXIBUQINGXIE,ZHENGCEDOUDIXIANDEZUOYONGYUELAIYUEMINGXIAN。

2018NIAN,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGJIAOYUZHUANYIZHIFUZENGJIADAO3067YIYUAN,80%YONGYUZHONGXIBUNONGCUNHEPINKUNDIQU。NONGCUNPUTONGXIAOXUE、CHUZHONGSHENGJUNJIAOYUJINGFEIZHICHU2017NIANFENBIEDADAO1.14WANYUAN、1.55WANYUAN。ZAINONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUBORUOXUEXIAOGAIZAOJIHUAZHONG,QUANGUO832GEPINKUNXIANDE10.3WANSUOYIWUJIAOYUXUEXIAOBANXUETIAOJIANDADAO“DIXIANYAOQIU”,ZHAN94.7%。

疏堵结合,消除“大班额”

2013NIAN6YUE,JIANGXISHENGSHANGRAOSHIYIYANGXIANXIANCHENGXIAOXUE、CHUZHONGBANJIDEPINGJUNBANEDOUZAI70RENYISHANG,ZUIDABANEBIJIN90REN。ZHEIFENSHUJURANGSHIRENYIYANGXIANJIAOTIJUJUZHANGFANGHUA“POWEIZHENJING”。

BUZHISHIYIYANGXIAN,SUIZHECHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGDEJIAKUAI,ZHONGXIAOXUE“CHENGZHENJI”XIANXIANGZAIBUSHAODIFANGCHUXIAN。

“YIFANGMIAN,SUIZHECHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGJIASU,DALIANGJINCHENGWUGONGRENYUANSUIQIANZINVJINRUCHENGSHI,XIANCHENGXUEXIAOXUEWEIBUGOU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,XIANGCUNXUEXIAOZHILIANGBUGAOLIUBUZHUXUESHENG。DABANEWENTISHICHENGXIANGJIAOYUFAZHANBUJUNHENGZUIWEITUCHUDEYIGEBIAOXIAN。”FANGHUARENWEI,JIEJUEDABANEWENTI,BIXUSHUDUJIEHE。

明升体育2016NIAN,GUOWUYUANYINFA《GUANYUTONGCHOUTUIJINXIANYUNEICHENGXIANGYIWUJIAOYUYITIHUAGAIGEFAZHANDERUOGANYIJIAN》,CHENGXIANGTONGYIDEXUEXIAOMINGSHENGTIYU、JIAOSHIBIANZHI、SHENGJUNGONGYONGJINGFEIJIZHUNDINGEBIAOZHUNZHENGZAILUOSHI,“LIANGMIANYIBU”ZHENGCEYESHIXIANLEQUANFUGAI。

SUIZHEZHENGCELUODI,GAIBIANQIAORANFASHENG。

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明升体育QUANGUOFANWEINEI,2017NIANYIWUJIAOYUDABANEBILIXIAJIANGFUDUWEI10.1%、CHAODABANEBILIXIAJIANG2.4%,XIANGBI2015NIAN,QUANGUODABANESHULIANGJIANSHAOLE25%,CHAODABANESHULIANGJIANSHAO50%,SHIJIN10NIANLAIXIAJIANGFUDUZUIDADEYINIAN。

GUOWUYUANJIAOYUDUDAOWEIYUANHUIBANGONGSHIZHUREN、JIAOYUBUJIAOYUDUDAOJUJUZHANGHEXIUCHAOBIAOSHI,ZAITUIJINYIWUJIAOYUJUNHENGFAZHANGONGJIANJINCHENGZHONG,GEDIJUNCAIQUJIANQUANCHENGXIANGTONGYIDETOURUJIZHIDENGBANFA,TONGCHOUGEJI、GEQUDAOZIJIN,XIANGPINKUNDIQU、BORUOXUEXIAOQINGXIE。

缩小校际差距,缓解“择校焦虑”

明升体育SUIZHEGUIMOBUDUANKUODA,YIXIECHENGSHIMIANLINYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANJIEDUANXINGDUANQUEDENANTI。RENMENBUJINXIWANGHAIZI“YOUXUESHANG”,GENGPAN“HAOSHANGXUE”“SHANGHAOXUE”。

明升体育XINXUEQIGANGKAISHI,BEIJINGSHIDIWUZHONGXUETONGZHOUXIAOQUJIEPAI,RENDAFUZHONGFENGTAIXUEXIAOYEYINGLAILEXIAOXUE、CHUZHONGGONG850YUMINGXINSHENG。BEIJINGSHIMINFAXIAN,ZIJIAMENKOUYOUTIANLEBUSHAOXINXUEXIAO。

JIEZHI2017NIANDI,BEIJINGSHIZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOYUJITUANDADAOLE158GE,SHEJI415SUOXUEXIAO,YIJINGFUGAIDAOLEQUANSHIGEGEQUYU。JITUANNEIGEXUEXIAODAPOXUEXIAOJIEXIAN,KEYIGONGXIANGLONGTOUXUEXIAODEKECHENG、SHIZI、GUANLI、WENHUADENGYOUZHIZIYUAN,CONGERSHIGEXINJIANXUEXIAOGONGTONGJINBU、KUAISUFAZHAN。2019NIAN,BEIJINGSHIHAIJIANGZAIJINJIAOQU、ZHONGDIANXIANGMUHERENCAIYINJINMIJIDIQUTONGCHOUXINJIAN10SUOZUOYOUYOUZHIXUEXIAO。

明升体育YIWUJIAOYUDEJUNHENGFAZHAN,GUIGENJIEDISHIJIAOYUZHILIANGDEXIANGDUIJUNHENG。

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2013NIAN,GUOJIAQIDONGYIWUJIAOYUFAZHANJIBENJUNHENGXIAN(SHI、QU)DUDAOPINGGUGONGZUO。JIEZHIMUQIAN,QUANGUOYOU2379GEXIANYIWUJIAOYUFAZHANSHIXIANJIBENJUNHENG,ZHANQUANGUOZONGXIANSHUDE81%。SHANGHAI、BEIJING、TIANJIN、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、GUANGDONG、FUJIAN、JILIN、ANHUI、SHANDONG、HUBEIDENG11GESHENG(SHI)ZHENGTITONGGUOPINGGU。SUIZHEJIAOYUTIZHIJIZHIGAIGETUIJIN,YOUZHIJUNHENGFAZHANDEXINGEJUBUDUANTUOZHAN。

教师心声

期待对乡村教师的支持持续而有力

明升体育ZUOZHE: NIJINXI(NINGXIAHAIYUANXIANGAOYAXIANGSHAWOJIAOXUEDIANJIAOSHI )

ZHEI11NIAN,MINGSHENGTIYUYIZHIZAIJICENG、PIANYUANDEXIANGCUNCONGSHIJIAOXUEGONGZUO,YECENGYUDAOGUOGONGZUOHUANJINGCHA、GONGZIDAIYUDI、GONGZUOYALIDADENGWENTI。CONG2015NIANKAISHI,MINGSHENGTIYUXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDESHENGHUOBUTIETIGAOLE,YUANBENLOUFENGLOUYUDEXIAOSHE,YEDEDAOXIUSHAN、ZHONGJIAN。XIANZAI,YUANCHENGJIAOYUSHEBEICHENGLEMINGSHENGTIYUDEHAOZHUSHOU,JIJIANQINGLEMINGSHENGTIYUDEFUDAN,YEWEISHANLIDEHAIZIDAKAILEXINSHIJIE。ZHEIXUEQI,MINGSHENGTIYUJIAOXUEDIANYIGONGLAILE21GEHAIZI,BISHANGXUENIANHAIDUOLE2GE。

明升体育MINGSHENGTIYUXIWANG,GUOJIADUIXIANGCUNJIAOSHIHEXIANGCUNJIAOYUDEZHICHIGENGJIACHIXUERYOULI,SHENGHUOBUZHUZHENGCEFUGAIMIANNENGGOUGENGDAXIE,BUZHUSHUIPINGKEYIJIXUTIGAO;ZAIBIANZHISHANG,XIWANGJINYIBUXIANGXIBU、XIANGYIXIANQINGXIE,YAOKAOLVXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDESHIJIGONGXIAN,BANGZHUXIANGCUNJIAOSHIJIEJUESHIJIWENTI。TONGSHI,MINGSHENGTIYUYEXIANGTONGGUOCANJIA“GUOPEIJIHUA”ZOUCHUQU,HUOQUXINZHISHI,BINGBATAMENDAIHUILAIJIAOJIMINGSHENGTIYUDEXUESHENG。(JIZHE CHENPENG)

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