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迈向公平而有质量的教育 党的十八大以来明升体育国教育改革发展述评·基础教育篇

作者:   发布时间: 2019年11月16日 16:11  来源:明升体育_明升体育平台

JIAOYUSHIZUIDADEMINSHENG,DUIYUYIGEYOUZHE13YIDUORENKOUDEGUOJIALAISHUO,YOUWEIRUCI;JIAOYUYEZAICHUANGZAOZHEZUIDADERENKOUHONGLI,DUIYUYIGEZHENGZAIFUXINGDEWEIDAMINZUERYAN,YOUWEIZHONGYAO。WANZHANGGAOLOUPINGDIQI,ZUOWEIJIAOYUDASHADIJIDEJICHUJIAOYU,GENGSHIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANDEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,JITUOZHEYIWANJIATINGDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEQIPAN。

明升体育DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUGUIMOBUDUANKUODA。GENJUJIAOYUBUFABUDE《2017NIANQUANGUOJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANTONGJIGONGBAO》,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOYOUERYUANHEZHONGXIAOXUEJIEDUANXUEXIAOZONGSHUDA49.85WANSUO,ZAIXIAOSHENGZONGRENSHUYUE2.04YIREN,JIAO2010NIANDEXUEXIAOZONGSHU43.64WANSUO、ZAIXIAOSHENGZONGRENSHU1.76YIREN,JUNYOUXIANZHUTISHENG。

MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUJIEDUANGAIGEFAZHANRENWUBUDUANQUDETUPO。CENGJINGBEIHUAZHONGDIANDE“PUJIU”“JUNHENG”“YOUZHI”“SUZHIJIAOYU”“ZHONGGAOKAOZHIDUGAIGE”DENGMINGCI,YIJINGYIBUBULUODI。

CONGQUANMIANPUJIDAOYOUZHIJUNHENG,CONG“YIGEDOUBUNENGSHAO”DAO“LAOBAIXINGJIAMENKOUDEHAOXUEXIAO”,XUESHENGFAZHANLUJINGGENGJIADUOYUAN,JIAOSHIDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYUTIXIRIJIANWANSHAN,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANYUELAIYUECHONGMANHUOLI,XIANGZHEGONGPINGERYOUZHILIANGDEJIAOYUMUBIAODABUMAIJIN。

教育投入保障惠民生

明升体育JINNIAN,DICHUJINGJINGUDAOBEIYUNHEPANSHUANGJIEZHENDETIANJINSHIBEICHENQUMOFANXIAOXUE,YOULEPIAOLIANGDEJIAOXUELOU、XIANDAIHUADEJIAOXUESHESHI,YIJIQIBEIDESHIYANSHIHEGONGNENGJIAOSHI。XIAOZHANGLIUWENGEYIZHIXIWANGXUEXIAODEHAIZINENGXIANGSHOUHECHENGLIHAIZIYIYANGDEJIAOYU,RUJINTADEMENGXIANGZHUBUSHIXIAN。

BAINIANDAJI,JIAOYUWEIBEN。JUJIAOYUBUTONGJI,2017NIAN,QUANGUOJIAOYUJINGFEIZONGTOURUDA42557YIYUAN,BISHANGNIANZENGZHANG9.43%。QIZHONG,GUOJIACAIZHENGXINGJIAOYUJINGFEIWEI34204YIYUAN,BISHANGNIANZENGZHANG8.94%。GUOJIACAIZHENGXINGJIAOYUJINGFEIZHANGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIBILILIANXUDUONIANBAOCHIZAI4%YISHANG。

明升体育ZI2013NIANGUOJIAQIDONGYIWUJIAOYUFAZHANJIBENJUNHENGXIAN(SHI、QU)DUDAOPINGGURENDINGGONGZUOYILAI,GEDIXINJIANGAIKUOJIANXUEXIAOYUE26WANSUO,ZENGJIAXUEWEI2725WANGE,BUCHONGJIAOSHI172WANREN,CANYULUNGANGMINGSHENGTIYUDEXIAOZHANGHEJIAOSHIDA243WANRENCI。JIEZHI2017NIANDI,QUANGUOTONGGUODUDAOPINGGURENDINGDEYIWUJIAOYUFAZHANJIBENJUNHENGXIAN(SHI、QU)SHULIANGDA2379GE,ZHAN81%,YOU11GESHENG(QU、SHI)ZHENGTITONGGUODUDAOPINGGURENDING。

CHIXUZENGZHANGDEJIAOYUTOURU,RANGJIUNIANYIWUJIAOYUPUJICHENGGUOJINYIBUGONGGU,GONGGULVDADAO93.8%,JIAO2010NIANTIGAO1.8GEBAIFENDIAN。GAOZHONGJIEDUANJIAOYUJIBENPUJI,2017NIANGAOZHONGJIEDUANMAORUXUELVDA88.3%,JIAO2010NIANDEGAOZHONGJIEDUANMAORUXUELV82.5%,SHANGSHENGLE5.8GEBAIFENDIAN。

YIZHIYILAI,BAOSHOU“KONGCHUOBAOXUE”KUNRAODEYUNNANSHENG,RUJINZAIGUOJIACAIZHENGDEZHICHIXIA,ZHENDUIJIANDANGLIKAPINKUNJIATINGZINV,ANZHAO“YIHUYIAN、YISHENGYICE”YUANZEJINGZHUNBANGFU,JIANSHOU“BURANGRENHEYIMINGHAIZIYINJIATINGJINGJIKUNNANERSHIXUECHUOXUE”ZHEIYIDIXIAN。RUJIN,YUNNANXIAOXUEHECHUZHONGJIEDUANCHUOXUELVJINWEI0.15%HE1.2%,FENBIEBI2016NIANJIANGDILE0.07HE1.69GEBAIFENDIAN。JIAOXUEDIANDEJIAOSHIZAIYEBUYONGSUISHENDAIZHEHUAMINGCE,WEIXUESHENGDELIUSHIERFACHOULE。

CHIXUZENGZHANGDEJIAOYUTOURU,SUOXIAOLECHENGXIANGXUEXIAODEBANXUECHAJU。《GUOWUYUANGUANYUTUIDONGCHENGXIANGYIWUJIAOYUYITIHUAFAZHANTIGAONONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUSHUIPINGGONGZUOQINGKUANGDEBAOGAO》XIANSHI,CHENGXIANGXUEXIAOMINGSHENGTIYUBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIBIANZHIBIAOZHUN、SHENGJUNGONGYONGJINGFEIJIZHUNDINGEBIAOZHUN、XUEXIAOJIBENZHUANGBEIPEIZHIBIAOZHUNDE“SIGETONGYI”JIAKUAITUIJIN,SHIXIAN“LIANGMIANYIBU”ZHENGCEQUANFUGAI,2017NIANYIQUANMIANSHIXIANDUICHENGXIANGYIWUJIAOYUXUESHENGMIANCHUXUEZAFEI、MIANFEITIGONGJIAOKESHU,BINGDUIQUANGUO1604WANMINGCHENGXIANGJIATINGJINGJIKUNNANJISUSHENGFAFANGSHENGHUOBUZHU。

明升体育TONGSHI,XUESHENGYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUARANG3600WANMINGNONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUXUESHENGCHISHANGLEMIANFEIYINGYANGCAN,XIZANG、NINGXIA、YUNNAN、ZHONGQINGDENGSHIDIANSHENGFENXUESHENGPINXUELVXIANZHUXIAJIANG。

CHIXUZENGZHANGDEJIAOYUTOURU,YERANGJIAOYUXINXIHUADEHEXUCHUNFENGFUGUOCHENGXIANG。“SANTONGLIANGPINGTAI”MINGSHENGTIYUYUELAIYUEPUJI。“XIAOXIAOTONG”“BANBANTONG”“RENRENTONG”DEXINXIHUA“XUEXICHANG”YIWUCHUBUZAI,CUJINLEYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANDEGONGXIANG,TUIDONGLEJIAOYUDEJUNHENGYOUZHIFAZHAN。

明升体育RANGMEIYIGEHAIZI“YOUXUESHANG”“SHANGHAOXUE”,BUZAISHIYAOBUKEJIDEMENGXIANG。

教师队伍明升体育启新程

明升体育JIAOSHIJIEQIAN,YIMINGCONGJIAOCHAOGUO30NIANDEXIANGCUNJIAOSHISHAICHULEZIJIDEGONGZITIAO。“MINGSHENGTIYU2012NIANGONGZINADAOSHOU2900YUAN,DAOLE2014NIANBIANCHENGLE3438YUAN,2015NIANJIUDAOLE5500DUOYUAN……YINIANSHANGYIGETAIJIE。”TAGANKAI,JINJINIANJIAOSHIDAIYUZHENSHIDABIANYANG,ZHOUZHUANFANGYOULE,JINBUTIEZENGJIALE,“YUELAIYUEYOUBENTOU”。

ZHEIDEYIYUJINNIANLAIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANCHUTAIDEYIXILIEJIAQIANGXIANGCUNJIAOSHIDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYUDEZHENGCE。ZI《XIANGCUNJIAOSHIZHICHIJIHUA(2015—2020NIAN)》YINFAYILAI,JIAOYUBUJIJITUIDONGLUOSHI,WEIXIANGCUNJIAOSHISONGCHULEYILIANCHUANDE“DALIBAO”,RUSHISHIXIANGCUNJIAOSHISHENGHUOBUZHUZHENGCE、TONGYICHENGXIANGJIAOZHIGONGBIANZHIBIAOZHUN、TUIJINCHENGXIANGJIAOSHILUNGANGMINGSHENGTIYU、JIANLIXIANGCUNJIAOSHIRONGYUZHIDU,DENGDENG。

XIANGCUNXUEXIAOYOUZHIJIAOSHILAIYUANQUDAODEDAOKUOCHONG,XIANGCUNJIAOSHIZIYUANPEIZHIDEDAOGAISHAN,XIANGCUNJIAOSHIJIAOYUJIAOXUESHUIPINGWENBUTISHENG,HELIDAIYUDEDAOBAOZHANGBINGYOUSUOTIGAO,ZHIYEXIYINLIMINGXIANZENGQIANG,XINGCHENGLEYOUXIURENCAI“XIADEQU、LIUDEZHU、JIAODEHAO”DEXIRENJUMIAN。XIANGCUNJIAOSHISHENGHUOBUZHUZHENGCEHUIJI130YUWANMINGXIANGCUNJIAOSHI,DAO2017NIANYISHIXIANLIANPIANTEKUNDIQUXIANQUANFUGAI;TEGANGJIHUAZHAOPINJIAOSHI28WANREN,WEIXIANGCUNXUEXIAOSHUSONGLEXINXIANXUEYE;BUSHUSHIFANDAXUESHIFANSHENGGONGFEIJIAOYUJIXUTUIJIN,50DUOWANMINGBIYESHENGZOUSHANGJIAOSHIGANGWEI;ZI2010NIANQIDONGDE“GUOPEIJIHUA”,GONGPEIXUNJIAOSHI1729WANRENCI,XIANGCUNJIAOSHIDEPEIXUNJIBENWANCHENGYILUN。

明升体育DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJIAOSHIDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYUJINRUQUANMIANTIZHIZENGXIAODEXINJIEDUAN,QUANSHEHUIXINGCHENGLEZUNSHIZHONGJIAODELIANGHAOFENWEI。ZAIYIXILIEZHENGCEDEZHICHIXIA,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJIAOSHIDUIWUFASHENGLEJUDABIANHUA: XIANGCUNJIAOSHIDIYICINADAOLEGUOJIAJIRONGYUZHENGSHU,XIAOXUEJIAOSHIDIYICIKEYIPING“ZHENGJIAOSHOU”,QUANGUOTONGYIDEJIAOSHIZIGEZHENGSHUZHIDUDIYICISHISHI,GEJIGELEIJIAOSHIHEXIAOZHANGDEZHUANYEBIAOZHUNDIYICIFABU……

ER2018NIAN1YUE20RIZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANZHENGSHIBANBUDE《GUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYUGAIGEDEYIJIAN》,GENGSHIRANGGUANGDAJIAOSHIBEISHOUGUWU。ZHEISHIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANCHUTAIDEDIYIGEZHUANMENMIANXIANGJIAOSHIDUIWUMINGSHENGTIYUDELICHENGBEISHIDEZHENGCEWENJIAN,JIANGJIAOSHIHEJIAOYUGONGZUOTIDAOLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEGAODU。YIXILIEZHENGCEJUCUOJIANQUANLEJIAOSHIPEIXUNTIXI,ZENGQIANGLEBAOZHANGJIZHI,SHIDEJIAOSHIZHIYEXIYINLIMINGXIANZENGQIANG。

课程教学改革重素养

明升体育2017NIAN9YUE1RI,QUANGUO31GESHENGFENBUFENDIQUYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANZHONGXIAOXUE,KAISHIZAIQISHINIANJISHIYONGTONGBIANDEYUWEN、LISHI、DAODEYUFAZHISANKEJIAOCAI,DAO2019NIAN,YIWUJIAOYUSUOYOUNIANJIJIANGQUANBUSHIYONGTONGBIANSANKEJIAOCAI。QUANGUO140WEIJIAOCAIBIANXIECHENGYUAN,116WEIJIAOCAISHENCHAZHUANJIA,CONG2012NIANKAISHIZUZHIBIANXIE,DAO2017NIANQUANGUOFANWEITOURUSHIYONG,WUNIANMOYIJIAN,YINGDELESHEHUIGUANGFANZANYU。

ZAIXINJIANGWULUMUQISHIDISHISANZHONGXUEBANIANJIYUWENJIAOSHISONGJINGFANGHETADEXUESHENGMENKANLAI,TONGBIANSANKEJIAOCAIDAIJITAMENBUSHAOJINGXI: XINKEBENBIANMEILE——QUANCAISEYINSHUA,CHATUPIAOLIANG,TUPIANFUYOUTONGQUHEGUDIANYUNWEI;BIANYOUQULE——KEBENZHONGCHUANCHADEHUIBENGUSHI、LISHIGUSHIHEYINGXIONGRENWUGUSHIDUQILAIBIKEWAISHUHAIXIYINREN。

明升体育JINNIANQIUJIXUEQIKAISHI,BEIJINGZHONGXUEDEXUESHENGZAIXUANKESHIFAXIAN,HENDUOYUZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAYOUGUANDEKECHENGJINRULEDAIXUANKEBIAO。SHUFA、CHAYI、JIANZHI、WUSHUDENGKECHENGXIYINLEDALIANGXUESHENGYONGYUEBAOMING。ZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAYUKECHENGDEYOUJIRONGHE,SHIJINNIANNIANCHUJIAOYUBUZHENGSHIBANFADE《PUTONGGAOZHONGKECHENGFANGAN》HEYUWENDENGXUEKEKECHENGBIAOZHUN(2017NIANBAN)ZHONGYAOTESEZHIYI,ZHEIJIANGHUICHENGWEIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOPUTONGGAOZHONGJIEDUANKECHENGDEXINCHANGTAI。

SHISHISHANG,ZISHANGSHIJIMOXINYILUNJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGGAIGESHISHIYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYULINGYUDEKECHENGGAIGEYIZHICHUYUJINXINGSHI。

明升体育DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,BANSUIZHESHEHUIBIANQIAN,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGGAIGEMUBIAOYEYIZHIZAISHANBIANZHONGBUDUANFAZHANYUWANSHAN。2014NIAN,JIAOYUBUCHUTAILE《GUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAKECHENGGAIGELUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWUDEYIJIAN》(2010—2020NIAN),WEIRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIZHUANBIANHEQUANMIANSHENHUAKECHENGGAIGEZHIYINLEFANGXIANG,YINDAOZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOYUCONGDANCHUNZHONGSHIZHISHIHEJINENGXIANGQUANMIANYUREN、ZONGHEYURENZHUANBIAN,ZHUZHONGFAHUIXUEKEJIAOYUDEYURENGONGNENG,BAPEIYUHEJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANRONGRUGUOMINJIAOYUQUANGUOCHENG,CUJINXUESHENGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHAN。YUZHIXIANGYING,2016NIAN《ZHONGGUOXUESHENGFAZHANHEXINSUYANG》YINGYUNERSHENG,ZAIDAOPUTONGGAOKEBIAODEFABU,“YISHENGWEIBEN”CHENGWEIGAIGEGONGSHI。

CONGYUANXIANDE“SHUANGJI”,JIJICHUZHISHIYUJIBENJINENG,DAOTICHU“ZHISHIYUJINENG、GUOCHENGYUFANGFA、QINGGANTAIDUYUJIAZHIGUAN”DESANWEIJIAOXUEMUBIAO,ZAIDAO“HEXINSUYANG”,ZHEISHIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUCONGJIAOSHUZOUXIANGYURENDEZHONGDABIANGE。RUGUOJIANGLUOSHI“SHUANGJI”BIZUOSHIKECHENGMUBIAODE1.0BAN,SANWEIMUBIAOSHI2.0BAN,NEIMEHEXINSUYANGJIUSHI3.0BAN,XUEKEHEXINSUYANGDENINGLIANHELUODI,ZEYIWEIZHE3.0BANDEJUHUAYUSHENGJI。

2018NIANCHU,GAOZHONGXINKEBIAODE“CHUSHI”,GENGJIAGUANZHUXUESHENGGEXINGHUA、DUOYANGHUADEXUEXIXUQIUHEFAZHANYAOQIU,CUJINXUESHENGQUANMIANERYOUGEXINGDEFAZHAN,JIYUXUESHENGZIZHU、ZIYOUXUANXIUXUANKAODEKONGJIAN,JIANGYOULIYUJIANQINGXUESHENGDEKEYEFUDAN,CUJINXUESHENGGEXINGTEZHANGFAZHAN。

招生考试制度谋新局

RANGXUESHENGQUANMIANERYOUGEXINGDIFAZHAN,SHIXUEXIAOKECHENGGAIGEDELUOJIAODIANHEMUBIAO,YESHIXINSHIDAIDUIJIAOYUDEHUHUAN。DANRUGUO“ZHIHUIBANG”BUBIAN,ZHEIYIMUBIAOJIUHUIBIANCHENG“KONGZHONGLOUGE”。ERKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDU,ZHENGSHIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUGAIGEDE“ZHIHUIBANG”。

ZHANGQIYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUODEKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUBAOSHOUGOUBING,“WEIFENSHULUN”“YIKAODINGZHONGSHEN”BUJINYINGXIANGXUESHENGQUANMIANFAZHAN,ERQIESHIXUESHENGXUEXIFUDANGUOZHONG,SHEHUIGEJIEPOQIEHUYUKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGAIGE。2014NIAN,WEIJIANQINGXUESHENGFUDAN,CUJINXUESHENGQUANMIANDUOYUANFAZHAN,GUOWUYUANYINFALE《GUANYUSHENHUAKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGAIGEDESHISHIYIJIAN》,XINYILUNKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGAIGEDEWEIMUXUXULAKAI。

明升体育《YIJIAN》FABUHOU,31GESHENG(QU、SHI)LUXUXINGCHENGLEZIJIDEGAOKAOZONGHEGAIGESHISHIFANGAN。2017NIAN,ZUOWEISHOUPISHIDIANSHENGSHIDESHANGHAI、ZHEJIANGXINGAOKAOYIJINGPINGWENLUODI,XINGAOKAOQUANMIANTUIJIN。ZHEIYILUNZHAOKAOZHIDUGAIGE,SHIMINGSHENGTIYUGUOZIHUIFUGAOKAOYILAIZUIXITONG、ZUIQUANMIANDEKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGAIGE。FENLEIKAOSHI、ZONGHEPINGJIA、DUOYUANLUQUDEKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUCUJINGONGPING、KEXUEXUANCAI、JIANDUYOULI,GOUJIANQIXIANJIEGOUTONGGEJIGELEIJIAOYU、RENKEDUOZHONGXUEXICHENGGUODEZHONGSHENXUEXILIJIAOQIAO,KAIPILEMINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUDEXINJUMIAN。

ZHAOKAOZHIDUGAIGE,QIANYIFAERDONGQUANSHEN。XINGAOKAODEXINYAOQIU,TUIDONGLEGAOZHONGKECHENGDEBIANGE。2010NIAN,HAIZHIYOUSHAOSHUJISUOXUEXIAOTANSUODE“XUANKEZOUBAN”ZHIDU,RUJINYICHENGWEISHANGHAI、ZHEJIANGYIJIQITAGAOKAOZONGHEGAIGESHIDIANSHENGFENDE“BIAOPEI”。“XINGAOKAOGAIGEBEIJINGXIA,XUEXIAOKECHENGDESHEZHIGENGJIAZHUZHONGJIYUXUESHENGXUANZEQUAN,GENGJIACUJINLEXUESHENGDUOYUANFAZHAN。”CHUYUGAIGELANGCHAOZHIZHONG,SHANGHAISHIJIAOYUWEIYUANHUIFUZHURENNIMINJINGSHENYOUTIHUI。

明升体育YUCITONGSHI,XINGAOKAOGAIGEYEXINGCHENGLELIANSUOFANYING,CHUANDIDAOCHUZHONGJIEDUAN,GEDIYINDIZHIYI,“XINZHONGKAO”FANGANYEZHUBULUODI,CHUANDAODAOXIAOXUEJIEDUAN,TUIDONGLEJICHUJIAOYUJIEDUANKECHENGDEXITONGXINGGAIGE。

DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,MINGSHENGTIYUGUOJICHUJIAOYUDEFAZHAN,CONGJIAOSHIYUXUESHENGCHUFA,YOUZUIZHONGHUIDAOJIAOSHIYUXUESHENG。QIZHONG,YOUJIANSHOUYUJICHENG,YEYOUGAIGEYUCHUANGXIN,RUBAICHUANHUILIU,ZUIZHONGGONGTONGZOUXIANGRANGMEIYIGEHAIZIXIANGYOUGONGPINGERYOUZHILIANGDEJIAOYUDESHENGJING。(LIPING WANGRUILIN)

西安美术学院党委宣传部主办单位:明升体育_明升体育平台

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