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社会主义发展史上的六个时间段

作者: 郭强  发布时间: 2020年11月17日 15:18  来源:明升体育_明升体育平台

明升体育XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUOCIQIANGDIAOGUANGDADANGYUANGANBUYAOXUEHAO“SISHI”,“SISHI”ZHONGSHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANSHISHISHIJIANKUADUZUIZHANGDE。XUEXISHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANSHISHIWEILECONGYUANTOUSHANGNONGQINGCHUSHEHUIZHUYICONGNALILAI,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYICONGNALILAI。ZHIYOUZHUIGENSUYUAN,CAINENGGENGSHENRULIJIEZHONGGUOSHIZENYANGLISHIDIXUANZELESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUDE,SHIZENYANGDULIZIZHUZOUZIJIDELUDE,SHIZENYANGKAICHUANGHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDE,CONGERBEIJIAZHENXI、SHIZHONGJIANCHI、BUDUANFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI。

2013NIAN1YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIXINJINZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIDEWEIYUAN、HOUBUWEIYUANXUEXIGUANCHEDANGDESHIBADAJINGSHENYANTAOBANSHANGDEJIANGHUAZHONG,FENLIUGESHIJIANDUANDUISHEHUIZHUYIWUBAINIANDELISHIJINXINGLEXITONGHUIGUHESHULI,ZHANXIANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIYUANYUANHEFAZHANJINCHENG,WEIMINGSHENGTIYUGENGJIACHONGFENDIRENSHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIBIRANXINGHEKEXUEZHENLIXINGTIGONGLEGENGJIAGUANGKUO、GENGJIASHENSUIDESHIYE。

为什么提社会主义五百年

明升体育SHEHUIZHUYIZHEIGEGAINIANTICHULAIHAIBUDAOLIANGBAINIAN,ERRENLEICHANSHENGMEIYOUBOXUE、MEIYOUYAPODEMEIHAOSHEHUILIXIANGYIJINGYOULIANGQIANDUONIANDELISHILE。NEIWEISHENMEMINGSHENGTIYUJIANGSHEHUIZHUYIWUBAINIAN?ZHEISHIGENJUSHEHUIZHUYIZHEIGEGAINIANDESHIZHIHANYILAIJIEDINGDE。

SHEHUIZHUYISHIXIANGDUIZIBENZHUYIERYANDEYIGEGAINIAN。GERENBENWEI、GERENZHUYISHIZIBENZHUYIDECHUFADIANHELIZUDIAN,YUZHIXIANGDUIYINGDEJIUSHISHEHUIBENWEI、SHEHUIZHUYI。SHEHUIZHUYISHIBIZIBENZHUYIGENGGAOJIDESHEHUIXINGTAI,YINCIRENMENRONGYIRENWEIZIBENZHUYIMIEWANGLESHEHUIZHUYICAIHUICHUXIAN,QIMAYAOBIZIBENZHUYIWANHENDUO。QISHIBURAN。SHEHUIZHUYIHEZIBENZHUYIDOUSHISHIJIELISHIDECHANWU,XIANGBANERSHENG。MAKESI、ENGESISHUO,GEMINZUDEYUANSHIFENGBIZHUANGTAIYOUYURIYIWANSHANDESHENGCHANFANGSHI、JIAOWANGYIJIYINJIAOWANGERZIRANXINGCHENGDEBUTONGMINZUZHIJIANDEFENGONGXIAOMIEDEYUESHICHEDI,LISHIYEJIUYUESHICHENGWEISHIJIELISHI。CONGMINZULISHIZOUXIANGSHIJIELISHIDEZHUANZHEDIANSHI15、16SHIJIZHIJIAODEDAHANGHAI。14SHIJIZIBENZHUYIKAISHIMENGYA,DANZIBENZHUYIZHENZHENGPOTUERCHUSHIZAIDAHANGHAISHIDAI,YIBANJIEDINGWEI1492NIANGELUNBUFAXIANMEIZHOU,CONGNEIYIHOUZIBENZHUYIKAISHIPENGBOFAZHANQILAI。

MAKESISHUO,ZIBENLAIDAOSHIJIAN,CONGTOUDAOJIAO,MEIGEMAOKONGDOUDIZHEXUEHEANGZANGDEDONGXI。YEJIUSHISHUOZIBENZHUYICONGYIKAISHIJIUYOUBIDUAN,XIANGYINGDEPIPANHESHITUTUIFANZIBENZHUYIDESHEHUIZHUYIJIUYINGYUNERSHENGLE。YINCISHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIDAZHIYESHI500NIAN,YIBANMINGSHENGTIYUCONG1516NIANSUANQI。SUOYISHUO,SHEHUIZHUYIWUBAINIANZHEIGEGAINIANSHIKEXUEDE。DANGRAN,ZAIZIBENZHUYIZUOWEITONGZHIXINGDESHENGCHANFANGSHI、SHEHUIZHIDUCUNZAISHI,SHEHUIZHUYIYIKAISHIZHINENGZUOWEISICHAOHEYUNDONGCUNZAI。

社会主义发展史的六个时间段

DIYIGESHIJIANDUAN,KONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYICHANSHENGHEFAZHAN。KONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYICONG1516NIANTUOMASI·MOERFABIAO《WUTUOBANG》DAO1848NIANMAKESIENGESIFABIAO《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》ZHIQIAN,ZHEIDUANSHIJIANYOU330DUONIAN,ZAIZHENGGESHEHUIZHUYIWUBAINIANZHONGZHANSANFENZHIER。ZHEI300DUONIAN,ZAISHENGCHANLISHANG,SHISHOUGONGYEXIANGJIQIDAGONGYEFAZHANDESHIQI;ZAISHEHUIZHIDUSHANG,SHIXIOUFENGJIANZHIDUXIANGZIBENZHUYIZHIDUGUODUSHIQI;ZAIZIBENZHUYIFAZHANSHISHANG,SHIZIBENZHUYIYUANSHIJILEISHIQI;ZAISHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANSHISHANG,SHIKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYISHIQI。KONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIJIANGGONGYOUZHI、JIHUAJINGJI、ANLAOFENPEI,TINGQILAIHENXIANGKEXUESHEHUIZHUYI,NEIWEISHENMEHAISHUOTAMENSHIKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYINI?ZHUMINGLISHIXUEJIASITAFULIANUOSI,YOUYIGEFEICHANGGONGYUNDESHUOFA,TASHUO: “SUOYOUZHEIXIEKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIZHEDOU……BAZHUYILIJIZHONGZAITAMENSUOSHEJIDEMOFANSHEHUIDEYUANZEHEMINGQUEDEHUODONGFANGSHISHANG。DANSHI,ZHEIXIEMOFANSHEHUIRUHEQUDAIXIANCUNSHEHUIDEWENTI,TAMENCONGWEIRENZHENDIKAOLVGUO。TAMENDUIYUCONGFUYUDEHUOYOUQUANSHIDEZIZHURENNEILIDEDAOBANGZHUZHEIYIDIANBAOYOUMOHUDEXIWANG。”

DIERGESHIJIANDUAN,MAKESIENGESICHUANGLIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI。ENGESIZHICHU,WEILESHISHEHUIZHUYIBIANWEIKEXUE,JIUBIXUSHOUXIANBATAZHIYUXIANSHIDEJICHUZHISHANG。SUOWEIXIANSHI,CONGSHENGCHANLIDEJIAODULAIJIANG,JIQIDAGONGYEZHUJIANCHENGWEIZHULIU,SHENGCHANYUELAIYUECHENGWEIZHENZHENGDESHEHUIHUADASHENGCHAN。SUIZHESHENGCHANLIDEGAOSUFAZHAN,GONGRENJIEJIDUIWUXUNSUKUODA,GONGRENYUNDONGYEXUNSUFAZHANQILAI。19SHIJISANSISHINIANDAIBAOFALEOUZHOUSANDAGONGRENYUNDONG,DAIBIAOZHEOUZHOUGONGRENJIEJIDENGSHANGLEZHENGZHIWUTAI。MAKESIENGESIZONGLANSHIDAIFENGYUN,XISHOUSHIDAIJINGHUA,KAICHUANGLEKEXUESHEHUIZHUYI。1845NIANMAKESIENGESIXIECHULE《DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI》,DIYICITICHULELISHIWEIWUZHUYI,CHANSHILERENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDEYIBANGUILV。1848NIAN,MAKESIENGESIFABIAO《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》,KEXUESHEHUIZHUYIZHENGSHIDANSHENG。1867NIAN,MAKESICHUBANLE《ZIBENLUN》DIYIJUAN,XITONGDICHANSHILESHENGYUJIAZHIXUESHUO。1880NIAN,ENGESIFABIAOLE《SHEHUIZHUYICONGKONGXIANGDAOKEXUEDEFAZHAN》,XITONGCHANSHULEKEXUESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI。MAKESIENGESICHUANGLIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI,SHIXIANLESHEHUIZHUYICONGKONGXIANGDAOKEXUEDEFEIYUE。

DISANGESHIJIANDUAN,LIENINGLINGDAOSHIYUEGEMINGSHENGLIBINGSHIJIANSHEHUIZHUYI。19SHIJIZUIHOU30NIAN,DIERCIGONGYEGEMINGPENGBOXINGQI,SHIJIECONG“ZHENGQISHIDAI”JINRU“DIANQISHIDAI”。YUCIXIANGSHIYING,ZIBENZHUYIYOUZIYOUJINGZHENGXIANGLONGDUANZHUANBIAN,ZIBENZHUYIDEFAZHANJINRUDAOYILONGDUANWEITEZHENGDEDIGUOZHUYISHIDAI。ZUOWEIDIGUOZHUYIBORUOHUANJIEDEEGUOCHENGWEISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGDEWENCHUANG。1917NIANSHOUXIANBAOFAERYUEGEMING,TUIFANSHAHUANGTONGZHI,DANRUANRUOWULIDEZICHANJIEJIWUFAJIEJUERIYIJIHUADEGUONEIGEZHONGJINGJI、SHEHUI、ZHENGZHIMAODUN,LIENINGHAOBUCHIYIDILINGDAOLESHIYUEGEMING。SHIYUEGEMINGDEZHIJIECHENGGUOJIUSHIJIANLILEELUOSISUWEIAILIANBANGSHEHUIZHUYIGONGHEGUOHESUWEIAISHEHUIZHUYIGONGHEGUOLIANMENG,ZHEISHISHIJIESHANGDIYIGESHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA。LIENINGLINGDAODESHIYUEGEMINGQUDESHENGLI,SHEHUIZHUYICONGLILUNBIANWEIXIANSHI,DAPOLEZIBENZHUYIYITONGTIANXIADESHIJIEGEJU。SHIYUEGEMINGZHIHOULIENINGLINGDAOBUERSHENWEIKEXIANHOUSHIXINGLE“ZHANSHIGONGCHANZHUYI”HEXINJINGJIZHENGCE,TANSUOSHEHUIZHUYIMINGSHENGTIYUDAOLU。

DISIGESHIJIANDUAN,SULIANMOSHIZHUBUXINGCHENG。SIDALINZAILIENINGSHISHIZHIHOU,ZHUBUFANGQILEXINJINGJIZHENGCE,JIANLILEYIDANYIDESHENGCHANZILIAOGONGYOUZHI、ZISHANGERXIADEZHILINGXINGJIHUAJINGJIHEQUANLIGAODUJIZHONGDEZHENGZHITIZHI“SANWEIYITI”DESULIANMOSHI,YIJIZHONGGONGYEYOUXIANDEFAZHANZHANLVE。SULIANMOSHIZHUBUXINGCHENG,BUWANQUANSHISIDALINGERENYIZHIDECHANWU,GENGDUOSHISULIANGUOQING、LISHICHUANTONGHESHIDAITEZHENGDECHANWU。SULIANMOSHIDEDUANQICHENGGONGDAOZHIDADUOSHURENHULVELEQIBAOLUDEHEQIANZAIDEWENTI,FANERJIANGQISHENSHENGHUAWEISHEHUIZHUYIDEPUBIANYUANZEHEJIBENZHIDU。SULIANZAIHELUXIAOFUSHIQIYIJIBOLIERINIEFUZAOQIDEGAIGEDOUMEINENGZHENZHENGCHUJISULIANMOSHIDEHEXIN。SULIANJIETIZHENGMINGZHEIZHONGMOSHIDEGENBENWENTISHIZHUJIANBEIQILESHIYUEGEMINGDAOLUDECHUXIN——WEISHENGCHANLIFAZHANKAIPIDAOLU,WEIZUIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGMOUXINGFU。

明升体育DIWUGESHIJIANDUAN,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUMINGSHENGTIYUDANGDUISHEHUIZHUYIDETANSUOHESHIJIAN。SHIYUEGEMINGYISHENGPAOXIANG,JIZHONGGUOSONGLAILEMAKESILIENINGZHUYI,SHEHUIZHUYIZAIZHONGGUOYONGLE30DUONIANSHIJIANCONGSICHAO、YUNDONGFAZHANDAOZHIDU,WEISHEHUIZHUYISHIXIANCONGYIGUODAODUOGUODEFAZHANZUOCHULETUCHUGONGXIAN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,RUHEMINGSHENGTIYUSHEHUIZHUYISHIYIGEZHANXINKETI。GANGKAISHI,MINGSHENGTIYUZHINENGXUEXISULIANJINGYAN,DANZAISHIJIANZHONGHENKUAIJIUCHAJUEDAOSULIANMOSHIDEJUXIAN,TICHUYAOYISUWEIJIAN,DULITANSUOSHIHEZHONGGUOGUOQINGDESHEHUIZHUYIMINGSHENGTIYUDAOLU。YIMAOZEDONGFABIAODE《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》《GUANYUZHENGQUECHULIRENMINNEIBUMAODUNDEWENTI》WEIZHUYAOBIAOZHI,MINGSHENGTIYUDANGDUIZENYANGMINGSHENGTIYUSHEHUIZHUYIYOULEZIJIXINDEZHONGYAORENSHI。ZAIHOULAIDESHIJIANZHONG,JINGUANTANSUOJIANXINKANKE,DANMINGSHENGTIYUDANGQUDEDEJIJICHENGGUOSHIJIQIBAOGUIDE,WEIXINDELISHISHIQIKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYITIGONGLEBAOGUIJINGYAN、LILUNZHUNBEI、WUZHIJICHU。

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社会主义发展史的其他脉络

LIUGESHIJIANDUANSHIYITIAOCONGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIYUANLIULAIKANSHIJIESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANSHIDEXIANSUO,SHIYITIAOZHUXIAN,DANBINGBUSHISHIJIESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANSHIDEQUANBU。

明升体育BIRUSHUO,YUXINZHONGGUOHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANGBINGLIEDE,HAIYOUQITAGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGDESHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIADEJIANLI、MINGSHENGTIYU、GAIGEHETANSUO。HAIYOUFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAXINGXINGSESEDE“SHEHUIZHUYI”,XUESHUJIEYIBANCHENGZHIWEIMINZUSHEHUIZHUYI。

明升体育ZAIWANGQIANKAN,DIYICISHIJIEDAZHANZHIHOU,MINZHUSHEHUIZHUYIZAIXIFANGFADAGUOJIA,TEBIESHIZAIOUZHOUJIAOKUAIFAZHAN。MINZHUSHEHUIZHUYIJIBUSHIKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYI,YEBUSHIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYI。TAMENHEKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIDEQUBIESHI,TAMENYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBIANCHENGLEXIANSHI。TAMENYUKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDEQUBIESHI,TAMENFANGQILEKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDEMUBIAOHEHENDUOYUANZE,TAMENDEYIGEHEXINSIXIANGJIUSHIBOENSITANJIANGDE,MUBIAOWEIBUZUDAO,YUNDONGJIUSHIYIQIE。SUOYISHUOTAMENZONGTISHANGSHUYUJUYOUSHEHUIZHUYIYINSUDEGAILIANGZIBENZHUYI。

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明升体育ZONGTIERYAN,21SHIJISHIJIESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHULIUSHIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYI,KEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHULISHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI。

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